Tuesday, May 26, 2020

Analysis Of Dostoevsky And Kierkegaard s The Grand...

What does it mean to have faith? This is not a question of, do you believe in the teachings of your religion, but what is a true believer. Dostoevsky and Kierkegaard are two philosophers that extensively delved with great contemplation and introspection of what it means to be a Christian. Both of these philosophers took a critical microscope to the typical Christian teachings of how to be a â€Å"good Christian.† What both of these philosophers eventually deduced is that the traditional teachings of Christianity remove the person from from ever truly finding the meaning behind their faith; thus separating the devoted from the divine. For both Dostoevsky and Kierkegaard, to be a Christian is more than going through the motions of what the church leaders tell you, but to find out for oneself why they ultimately believe. To convey his notions, Ivan, the main character of Dostoevsky’s story, creates the character the Grand Inquisitor. The Grand Inquisitor is symbolic of the catholic church and the control they hold over the followers of Catholicism. In this story, the Grand Inquisitor is faced with Jesus Christ, whom has come back to earth for the second coming. In on particular instance, The Inquisitor challenges Christ by saying, â€Å"Didst Thou forget that man prefers peace, and even death, to freedom of choice in the knowledge of good and evil? Nothing is more seductive for man than his freedom of conscience, but nothing is a greater cause of suffering† (Dostoevsky, pg 12). To the

Tuesday, May 19, 2020

The Euthyphro Dilemma From The Question Socrates - 1223 Words

The Euthyphro dilemma originates from the question Socrates asks Euthyphro in Plato’s Euthyphro dialogue. He asks â€Å"Is the pious loved by the god because it is pious, or is it pious because it is loved by the gods?†, in simpler terms, ‘Are morally good acts willed by God because they are morally good, or are they morally good because they are willed by God?’. This argument creates a huge dilemma for Divine Command theorists as their theory lies solely on the claim that morality is dependent on God’s will. However the question asked by Socrates in response to Divine command theory produces extreme difficulty for the theorists when attempting to answer the question. A main reason for this is the fact that Divine command theorists tend to adopt the second part of the question, ‘morally good acts are morally good because they are willed by God’, but this would then create the possibility that acts such as murder or cruelty could be consi dered morally right if God willed it to be acceptable. However, if you were to choose the first part of the question, ‘morally good acts are willed by god because they are morally good’, then this would mean that the acts themselves have a property that makes then morally good independently of the gods, therefore, dismissing Divine command theory. This essay aims to explain and defend some of the main responses to the Euthyphro dilemma and look at how they manage to respond to both sides of the question introduced by Socrates. Despite theShow MoreRelatedAnalysis Of Plato s The Euthyphro 1723 Words   |  7 Pagesdialogues. Accompanied by his teacher, Socrates and his most notorious disciple, Aristotle, Plato set the groundworks of Western philosophy and science amid dialogues such as Apology, Euthyphro, Republic and Laws. These dialogues provided some of the earliest handlings of political inquiries from a philosophical viewpoint. In the Euthyphro, Plato composes a dialogue that transpires in 399 BC, weeks before the hearing of Socrates, for which Socrates and Euthyphro try to determine an absolute meaningRead MoreEuthyphro s Dilemma Of Plato s Euthyphro968 Words   |  4 PagesIn Euthyphro, Socrates discusses with Euthyphro about what the â€Å"piety† is. The conversation leads to what most modern philosophers now define as Euthyphro’s dilemma. It is stated that† Is something pious because the gods love it or the gods love it because it is pious?† This dilemma is also known as the â€Å"Divine Command Theory†, which has puzzled many Christian philosophers throughout the years. Socrates’ account seems to disagree with Euthyphro’s. This paper will argue against the dilemma in Socrates’Read MoreDefining Piety in Euthyphro by Plato Essay586 Words   |  3 PagesMain question of the Dialogue The main question of this dialogue is the definition of the word holy or piety. Euthyphro brags that he is more knowledgeable than his father on matters relating to religion. In this case, Socrates suggests to Euthyphro to define that term. The first definition fails to satisfy Socrates because of its limitation in application. Apparently, Socrates perceives this definition as an example rather than a definition. Subsequent arguments and line of questioning lead to fiveRead MoreSocrates Cross Examination Of Euthyphro s Beliefs On What Constitutes As Pious1492 Words   |  6 PagesSocrates’ cross examination of Euthyphro’s beliefs on what constitutes as pious and impious explicates the the argument, â€Å"is the pious loved by the gods because it is pious, or is it pious because it is loved by the gods?†. In demonstrating how this aligns as a real dilemma for Euthyphro in that the gods are not the source of morality, and how it is a false dilemma for Socrates be cause he believes morality to be ambiguous, would be to further analyze the question in where morality stems from. InRead MoreEuthyphro Dialogue Essay examples1485 Words   |  6 PagesIn the dialogue Euthyphro (Cahn and Markie), Plato presents an argument against the divine command meta-ethical theory. While the argument is presented against the predominantly pantheistic Greek religions, the argument can be easily applied to the monotheistic Abrahamic religions. The dialogue starts off with the two main characters: Euthyphro and Socrates. Socrates has been indicted for corrupting the youth of Athens and Euthyphro is indicting his father for murdering a day-labourer who killedRead MorePlato And The Euthyphro Dilemma1204 Words   |  5 Pages Siddhanth Goyal Does morality stem from God? Or does it exist independently of his presence, not subject to arbitrary decisions? The first discussion over these questions appeared in Platos Euthyphro, in which Plato chronicles the proceedings of a highly repetitive argument between Socrates and Euthyphro, a prophet and holy man, over the nature of piety and holiness. The questions produced in this dialogue have been expanded to remain relevant even in a modern religious context. It has achievedRead MoreClarke s Cosmological Argument On The Existence Of God1648 Words   |  7 Pagesidea of if there were to only be dependent beings then it would not really make sense since an â€Å"entity of infinitely dependent beings† makes the whole group itself dependent—therefore making it hard to explain from which specific dependent being are all of these dependent beings coming from. So therefore, according to Clarke, there has to be an existent independent being. The Principle of Sufficient Reason is one of the main propositions that is used to support the Cosmological Argument. The PrincipleRead MoreEuthyphro Dilemma And The Dilemma1374 Words   |  6 PagesEuthyphro Dilemma The Euthyphro dilemma is the impasse that Euthyphro finds himself at the end of a discussion with Socrates. The discussion revolves around Socrates asking Euthyphro what is the nature of piety and impiety, or right and wrong. By the end of the discussion, Euthyphro could not come to a decision that suited Socrates because all of Euthyphro’s answers were logically incorrect. In order to better understand Euthyphro’s stance on piety, Socrates asks Euthyphro a series of questions andRead MoreEuthyphro : The Definition Of Piety959 Words   |  4 Pages The literary work entitled Euthyphro, attempts to define the word piety, or justice before the Gods. This leads to a dilemma pertaining to one who thinks that morality comes from God. Euthyphro is looking for the definition of the word piety, as the word itself seems to be incapable of being restricted to one understanding. In this essay I will describe the different given definitions of piety, argue the best definition give n by Socrates, and analyze and criticize the definitions. The DefinitionsRead MorePlato : The Trial And Death Of Socrates1107 Words   |  5 Pages#1 Plato: The Trial and Death of Socrates Euthyphro In Platos Euthyphro, Euthyphro is surprised to see Socrates at the courthouse because he doesnt seem like the kind of person that should be anywhere around a courthouse. They both discuss why Socrates is there in which he tells Euthyphro that he is being indicted by Meletus for corrupting the youth because he does not believe in the old gods of Athens and makes up new gods. Socrates goes on by telling Euthyphro his issue is not if he is being

Friday, May 15, 2020

Biography of Warren G. Harding, 29th U.S. President

Warren  Gamaliel  Harding (November 2, 1865–August 2, 1923) was the 29th president of the United States. He was in office when World War I formally ended by the signing of the Knox-Porter Resolution. Harding died of a heart attack while he was still in the White House; he was succeeded by Vice President Calvin Coolidge. Fast Facts: Warren G. Harding Known For: Harding was the 29th president of the United States; he died of a heart attack while he was still in office.Born: November 2, 1865 in Blooming Grove, OhioParents: George Tryon Harding and Phoebe Elizabeth Dickerson HardingDied: August 2, 1923 in San Francisco, CaliforniaEducation: Ohio Central College (B.A.)Spouse: Florence Kling  (m.  1891–1923)Children: ElizabethNotable Quote: Americas present need is not heroics, but healing; not nostrums, but normalcy; not revolution, but restoration; not agitation, but adjustment; not surgery, but serenity; not the dramatic, but the dispassionate; not experiment, but equipoise; not submergence in internationality, but sustainment in triumphant nationality. Early Life Warren G. Harding was born on November 2, 1865, in Corsica, Ohio. His father George was a doctor and his mother Phoebe was a midwife. Warren was raised on the family farm and attended a small local school. When he was only 14 years old, he began attending Ohio Central College. As a student, Warren and a friend published a small paper called the Iberia Spectator. Warren graduated from college in 1882. Career After college, Harding worked briefly as a teacher, an insurance salesman, and a reporter before buying a newspaper called the Marion Star. Through persistence and hard work, he was able to turn the failing newspaper into a powerful local institution. Harding used the paper to promote local businesses and build relationships with advertisers. On  July 8, 1891, Harding married  Florence Mabel Kling DeWolfe. She was divorced with one son. Harding is known to have had two extramarital affairs while married to Florence. He had no legitimate children; however, he did later have one daughter—Elizabeth—through an extramarital affair with Nan Britton. In 1899, Harding was elected to the Ohio State Senate. He served until 1903, making a name for himself as one of the most popular Republicans in Ohio. He was then elected lieutenant governor of the state. Harding attempted to run for the governorship but lost in 1910. In 1915, he became a U.S. Senator from Ohio, a position he held until 1921. As a senator, Harding was part of Congresss Republican minority, and he tried to preserve his popularity by avoiding controversial political positions. On the subject of womens suffrage, for example, he did not voice support until other Senate Republicans did, and he took stances both for and against Prohibition. Presidential Election Harding was nominated to run for president for the Republican Party as a  dark horse candidate following the 1919 death of Theodore Roosevelt, the partys favorite. Hardings running mate was  Calvin Coolidge, the governor of Massachusetts. He was opposed by Democrat James Cox. In 1920, Harding won the election with 60% of the popular vote and 404 electoral votes. Presidency President Hardings  time in office was marked by several major scandals. The most significant scandal was known as Teapot Dome. Secretary of the Interior Albert Fall secretly sold the right to oil reserves in Teapot Dome, Wyoming, to a private company in exchange for $308,000 and some cattle. He also sold the rights to other national oil reserves. After he was caught, Fall was sentenced to one year in jail. Other officials under Harding were also implicated in or convicted of bribery, fraud, conspiracy, and other forms of wrongdoing. Harding died, however, before these events began to affect his presidency. Unlike his predecessor  Woodrow Wilson, Harding did not support America joining the League of Nations (an early version of the United Nations). His opposition meant that America did not join the organization at all. The body ended in failure without Americas participation. Even though America did not ratify the Treaty of Paris ending  World War I, Harding did sign a joint resolution officially ending the state of war between Germany and America. As part of his isolationist stance, Harding also opposed further American intervention in Latin America; he was critical of Woodrow Wilson and Franklin Roosevelt for their involvement in American activities in Haiti and the Dominican Republic. From 1921 to 1922, America agreed to a limit of arms, according to a set tonnage ratio between Great Britain, the United States, Japan, France, and Italy. Furthermore, America agreed to respect the Pacific property of Great Britain, France, and Japan and to preserve the Open Door Policy in China. During his presidency, Harding also spoke out on  civil rights  and commuted the sentence of socialist Eugene V. Debs, who had been convicted of anti-war demonstrations during World War I and imprisoned in the Atlanta Penitentiary. Harding released other anti-war activists as well. Though he was only in office for a short time, Harding made four appointments to the Supreme Court, nominating former president William Howard Taft, George Sutherland, Pierce Butler, and Edward Terry Sanford. Death On August 2, 1923, Harding died of a heart attack in San Francisco, California, which he was visiting as part of a tour of the western United States. He was succeeded as president by Calvin Coolidge. Legacy Harding is widely considered one of the worst presidents in American history. Much of this is due to the number of scandals that his appointees were involved in. He was integral for keeping America out of the League of Nations while meeting with key nations to attempt to limit arms. He created the Bureau of the Budget as the first formal budgetary body. His early death probably saved him from impeachment over the many scandals of his administration. Sources Dean, John W.  Warren G. Harding. Thorndike Press, 2004.Mee, Charles L.  Ohio Gang: The World of Warren G. Harding. M Evans Co, 2014.

Wednesday, May 6, 2020

Foreign Aid A Long Track Record - 928 Words

Help Or Hindrance Foreign aid has a long track record. The biggest upside appears to be the injection of large sums of money into developing countries otherwise gripped by poverty, war and conflict. In theory, the funds should improve lives and raise people out of poverty, leading to sustainable growth and development. The unfortunate truth, however, is that foreign aid has often presented more challenges than opportunities to aid recipients. Aid has been mandated by government versus relying solely on private donations. We’ve seen small improvements across the globe, from reducing poverty to slowing population growth to curing and preventing diseases. Progress that otherwise would have been absent without an outpouring of foreign support (Tan Keo, 2013). However, the impact from aid has not been proportionate to the amount of money donated. Foreign aid’s biggest downside is that no clear, effective system has been put in place to hold aid recipients and their governments accountable for resources illegally taken from public sector reserves. Unfortunately, the absence of that system reinforces social inequities and perpetuates cycles of political abuse that has led to a sophisticated new form of authoritarianism – one that empowers the elite few, while keeping a majority of people in abject poverty (Tan Keo, 2013). Philippine’s Results of Aid Lending institutions produce foreign aid with good intentions; however, the results are not often measured. Secretary of SocialShow MoreRelatedAid to Africa: A Review of the Efficacy of International Aid to Sub-Saharan Africa1695 Words   |  7 Pagesarisen from the problematic nature of the administration of the aid. Traditionally, aid has come in the form of military aid, and large international financial transactions. Although these forms of aid have overall failing track records, targeted developmental assistance has been historically successful. In order to pull Africa out of poverty, the international community should focus on targeted developmental assistance. Military Aid Recent military conflicts have broken out all across northern AfricaRead MoreFile Sharing Should Not Be Illegal1611 Words   |  7 Pages The sharing of files that are copyrighted may not accepted by most artists and producers, but it is undoubtedly impossible to stop. Instead of seeing how peer-to-peer sharing may negatively effect artists, it is important to see how it ultimately aids them (Lunney 1). File sharing should not be illegal as it is nearly impossible to control and may be found to be beneficial to both producers and consumers of the music industry. Copyright industries have already shut down many peer-to-peer file sharingRead MoreForeign Aid For Developing Countries2134 Words   |  9 Pagescountry. The failure of foreign aid proves this statement to be false. In a majority of cases where aid is given to developing countries, it simply does not work. They are still in the same situation, if not worse, then they were before they received aid. Foreign aid is a failure for three reasons: the aid does not reach the appropriate people, the aid does not always fix the situation in the long-run, and the aid creates a dependence on both the donor country and the aid itself. We have the capabilityRead MoreHistory Of House Appropriations Committee767 Words   |  4 PagesHealth and Human Services, and Education, the Subcommittee on Military Construction/Veterans Affairs and the Subcommittee on State, Foreign Operations and Related Programs. The Committee has been preparing the FY18 budget allocation. One bill that Congresswoman Lee and the Subcommittee on State, Foreign Operations and Related Programs have released is State and Foreign Operations Appropriations bill, which â€Å"will target funding to critical diplomatic and security missions, humanitarian crisis response†Read MoreImportance on Computer in Education1514 Words   |  7 PagesChapter II Review of Related Literature This chapter provides the information that is relevant to the study. It includes foreign and local literature taken from the internet, some studies that were analyzed by the researchers. This chapter also includes some information taken from books, online newspaper and online articles. A. Foreign Literature History The Elementary and Secondary Education Act of 1965 allocated money to bring new technology into schools, including computers. In 1975, AppleRead MoreE Sonic : Strategic Analysis1136 Words   |  5 Pages1. 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Oil and mining are not labor intensive industries, therefore while these natural deposits may create impressive growth figures, they do not translateRead MoreThe Big Truck That Went : An Inside Look Into The Realities Behind International Aid And Intervention878 Words   |  4 Pages The Big Truck That Went By: How the World Came to Save Haiti and Left Behind a Disaster is an inside look into the realities behind international aid and intervention. The book answers the question of whether or not international efforts in Haiti really benefited the nation in the long term. The book argues that the international community failed in their efforts to rebuild Haiti due to their mismatched military approaches, failed monetary pledges and how the how billions of dollars were ineffectiveRead MoreQuestions On The Sage Accounting Package1488 Words   |  6 Pagesare: †¢ Forecasts cash flows– helps management to keep track of cash flow; manages cash, card or cheque payments. A cash flow report can guide managers to ensure that the business s limited resources are utilised in the most efficient manner. †¢ Produces orders reports- helps the management to analyse and meet customer demands. It can be useful to determine which products are high in demand and which are not. †¢ Produces customer invoices Records supplier invoices – this can be used to provide a listRead MoreBusiness Analysis : Aerospace Industries Association ( Aia )1681 Words   |  7 PagesToday’s aircraft marketplace is highly competitive where there exists a balanced and healthy worldwide demand for brand new aircraft brought on by a foreseeable growth in passengers, airline profitability at record levels, and a replacement cycle continuance in order to improve performance and fuel efficiency of a huge section of the worldwide fleet. The US Aerospace Industries Association (AIA) estimates that the country s aerospace industry sales will increase by 5.3% in 2015, but is

Sample Letter A University Program Essay - 811 Words

Title of Paper Name of Student Wilmington University This recruits name is Schatzschneider Billy-Attoh Jr, most of the time, this recruit do not mind whatever name anyone decides to call him. But usually, this recruit prefer to be called by his name first name which is Schneider or the first part of his last name â€Å"Billy† the first part of my last name. This recruit was born on Thursday 24th April 1986 to Mr. George Billy-Attoh and Mrs. Esther Eva McCarthy in Ridge Hospital Accra Ghana. This recruit has two siblings, first sibling was born on Sunday 31st march 1991 and the second on Monday July 11th 1994 their names are Schroeder Billy-Attoh and Jessica Billy-Attoh. This recruit started preschool at the age of three (3) at School Road private institution in Accra, Ghana. At the age five (5) this recruit begun kindergarten at Star Avenue international high school were this recruit continued to the fifth grade and later along the line transferred to another junior high school Sarbah Road school. After junior high school, this recruit continued to senior high school at (†¦) were he pursed a course in general arts. After graduation from high school, this recruit attended Tower Computer Institution were this recruit pursed an education in Computer information system and received certification in information technology This recruit grew up in a religious catholic and stable family. This recruit spent his entire childhood and most adult lifeShow MoreRelatedSample Letter For A University Program1975 Words   |  8 PagesMemo for president Transparency University is a private not-for-profit university that offers undergraduate and graduate degrees, which is located in Crockett, Texas. Over the years, we have held commencement ceremonies twice a year; at the end of the two long semesters. We take pride in the fact that we are able to distribute diplomas to graduates who are qualified immediately after the commencement ceremonies, and because of this, the event has a high attendance rate. The planning and orchestrationRead MoreSample of Recommendation Letter1210 Words   |  5 Pages===Sample Letter of Recommendation===   To Whom It May Concern:   As the Dean of Stonewell College, I have had the pleasure of knowing Hannah Smith for the last four years. She has been a tremendous student and an asset to our school. I would like to take this opportunity to recommend Hannah for your graduate program.   I feel confident that she will continue to succeed in her studies. Hannah is a dedicated student and thus far her grades have been exemplary. In class, she has proven to beRead MoreThe Effect of Teaching Kinesthetic Letter Sound Symbols to Students1056 Words   |  5 PagesIntroduction The effect of Teaching Kinesthetic letter sound symbols to formulate an oral or written response to CVC words or pseudo words What is the problem you are addressing? Students have to learn the names and sounds of the letters in order move on into more advance connections that will lead them into success in reading and writing. Traditional teaching methods in our schools allow students to make the connections between letter prints and phonemes using mostly visual and auditory learningRead MoreCsr From Students And Their First College Year786 Words   |  4 PagesData Collection In spring 2004, VCU collected data using the CSR from students enrolled in their first college year who had completed one semester at the institution. The sample consists of randomly chosen first-year students enrolled at VCU with 89% completing the web version of the CSR and 11% completing the paper version of the CSR. According to Carini, Hayek, Kuh, Kennedy and Ouimet (2003), responses on paper surveys elicit similar results as compared with web survey results. Therefore, any differenceRead MoreSchool Wide Achievement Effects On Children1621 Words   |  7 Pagesprobably thought about enrolling them in some sort of early childhood education program, because that is the most critical time for your child and you want them to get a better start in school and life going forward. In this paper we look at multiple studies done regarding ECE programs. Some of them followed people onto adult while others just did to elementary school. This study was done by people at the University of Missouri. By doing this study they were trying to see how much school-wide achievementRead MoreApplication Materials For The Assistant Professor Position798 Words   |  4 PagesAssistant Professor position advertised in the ____ employment exchange. I have arranged for my letters of recommendation, transcripts, professional references, and department evaluations to be sent directly to you if needed. Currently, I am a doctoral candidate in the department of Criminal Justice at the University of Louisville having completed all degree requirements but my dissertation. The program has provided many opportunities for me to gain research and teaching experience making me well-suitedRead MoreEssay On Cardiovascular Disease753 Words   |  4 Pageslimitations of this study are related to the study design, study population, and sample size. A cross-sectional design was more convenient in this study due to time, cost and technical constraints. However, a prospective longitudinal study would definitely provide more insights. In fact, a cross-sectional study studies the relationship between an exposure and the outcome in a defined population in a specific time (Lynn University, 2017). A prospective longitudinal study observes the same subjects for aRead MoreNokia 808 Pureview1358 Words   |  6 PagesVIRTUAL UNIVERSITY OF PAKISTAN Format of  Internship Report – (MCMI619) [pic] 1. Title Page The title page of the report will include:    a. Name of the organization b. Name of the internee, Student ID and session c. Submission date of the internship report d. Name of the University e. VU logo 2. Letter of Undertaking You are required to fill in the Letter of Undertaking provided in the ‘Download’ section of the course VULMS and attach here the scanned copy after signingRead MoreHow Much School Wide Achievement Effects The Relationship Between Early Childhood Education And Performance1368 Words   |  6 PagesThis study was done by people at the University of Missouri. By doing this study they were trying to see how much school-wide achievement effects the relationship between early childhood education and performance in reading and math in fifth graders. The question they wanted to answer was, â€Å"Do ECE program participants have better achievement in fifth grade than others who were not in an ECE program?† They sampled children were first-time or repeat kindergarteners, kids who did not complete theRead MoreTraining and Narrative Report768 Words   |  4 Pageswebcrawler.com   www.webcrawler.com/ Search multiple engines for  hotel reports Explore Answers About Example of Resume for  Ojt On the Job Training Programs Benefits to on the Job Training Importance of on the Job Training Narrative  Report  Format Personal  Narrative  Report Sample  Ojt  Application Letter On the Job Training Purpose Sample of  Narrative  Report Information in Making a  Narrative  Report Example of a  Narrative  Report Definition of  Narrative  Report More Answers Narrative Report  In

Grapes Essay Example For Students

Grapes Essay Of Wrath By SteinbeckExplain how the behavior of the Joads shows Steinbecks view of theresponsibility of the individual to society as a whole. Chapter 14 made aninteresting point. At one point in the chapter it was stated that a farmer losthis farm. As this mans family picks up their belongings and heads west theymeet up with another family dealing with a similar situation. Now these twofamilies share a common bond. A brotherhood is forming. This is the catalyst. Nolonger is it one farmer saying he lost his land but two farmers united sayingthey lost their land. Much the same transformation happens to the Joad familyespecially to the characters of Ma, Young Tom, and Rose of Sharon. At theonset of the novel we see the Joad family struggling just to keep theirimmediate family together. They are focused on just themselves. By the end ofthis wonderful book we see the Joad family branching out in many different waysto embrace all of mankind as one big family. Ma Joads main concern at theb eginning of the story is her family. She wants to keep the unit together andworks diligently to achieve this goal. However, one by one, family members leavethe group for various reasons leading to the slow but sure disintegration of theJoad clan. The first to go is Noah; then Grandpa and Grandma die;Connie walksoff and leaves Rose of Sharon; Young Tom leaves because he has gotten intotrouble again; and Al becomes engaged and decides to go with his fianceesfamily. Ma deals with each loss as best she can. As the story progresses, wefind Ma Joad becoming more and more concerned with people outside the familyunit. She feels the need to share whatever meager food and belongings her familyhas with other families enduring hardships. She saw the needs of her own familyat the beginning of the story and by the end of the novel, she sees the needs ofher fellow man. Young Tom appears to be self-centered when he if firstintroduced. He has just left prison after serving four years for murder. Tom want to enjoy life to the fullest and to be with his family. He is verydisturbed to find the family home deserted and almost destroyed. He by this timehas reacquainted himself with Jim Casey, an ex-preacher. The more Tom listens toJim and his views on life, the soul of man, and the fellowship of mankind, theless he focuses on himself and his needs. He then begins to focus on the plightand abuse of the homeless farmers. He starts to realize that in order for themigrant workers to survive and succeed they must unite. He knows that if theyband together as one, they can demand that their God-given rights under theconstitution be honored. They can begin to gain respect from their fellow man. After Jim is killed, Tom takes up the cause of his people. He plans towork with them. Just as Jim taught him, Tom realizes that man is no good aloneand that every mans soul is just a piece of a bigger one. Rose of Sharon istotally focused on herself from the beginning. She is pregnant for the firsttime and in love with her husband so her little world is complete. Sheconstantly bemoans the fact that she needs nutritious food so her baby will behealthy. She is always concerned that what she does or what others do to herwill hurt her baby in some way. She is so wrapped up in herself and the baby sheis carrying that she does not realize that her family is falling apart. Shewhines and moans her way through most of the book until her baby is born dead. .u8ddcc4dae15e357f111e36f39339a91d , .u8ddcc4dae15e357f111e36f39339a91d .postImageUrl , .u8ddcc4dae15e357f111e36f39339a91d .centered-text-area { min-height: 80px; position: relative; } .u8ddcc4dae15e357f111e36f39339a91d , .u8ddcc4dae15e357f111e36f39339a91d:hover , .u8ddcc4dae15e357f111e36f39339a91d:visited , .u8ddcc4dae15e357f111e36f39339a91d:active { border:0!important; } .u8ddcc4dae15e357f111e36f39339a91d .clearfix:after { content: ""; display: table; clear: both; } .u8ddcc4dae15e357f111e36f39339a91d { display: block; transition: background-color 250ms; webkit-transition: background-color 250ms; width: 100%; opacity: 1; transition: opacity 250ms; webkit-transition: opacity 250ms; background-color: #95A5A6; } .u8ddcc4dae15e357f111e36f39339a91d:active , .u8ddcc4dae15e357f111e36f39339a91d:hover { opacity: 1; transition: opacity 250ms; webkit-transition: opacity 250ms; background-color: #2C3E50; } .u8ddcc4dae15e357f111e36f39339a91d .centered-text-area { width: 100%; position: relative ; } .u8ddcc4dae15e357f111e36f39339a91d .ctaText { border-bottom: 0 solid #fff; color: #2980B9; font-size: 16px; font-weight: bold; margin: 0; padding: 0; text-decoration: underline; } .u8ddcc4dae15e357f111e36f39339a91d .postTitle { color: #FFFFFF; font-size: 16px; font-weight: 600; margin: 0; padding: 0; width: 100%; } .u8ddcc4dae15e357f111e36f39339a91d .ctaButton { background-color: #7F8C8D!important; color: #2980B9; border: none; border-radius: 3px; box-shadow: none; font-size: 14px; font-weight: bold; line-height: 26px; moz-border-radius: 3px; text-align: center; text-decoration: none; text-shadow: none; width: 80px; min-height: 80px; background: url(https://artscolumbia.org/wp-content/plugins/intelly-related-posts/assets/images/simple-arrow.png)no-repeat; position: absolute; right: 0; top: 0; } .u8ddcc4dae15e357f111e36f39339a91d:hover .ctaButton { background-color: #34495E!important; } .u8ddcc4dae15e357f111e36f39339a91d .centered-text { display: table; height: 80px; padding-left : 18px; top: 0; } .u8ddcc4dae15e357f111e36f39339a91d .u8ddcc4dae15e357f111e36f39339a91d-content { display: table-cell; margin: 0; padding: 0; padding-right: 108px; position: relative; vertical-align: middle; width: 100%; } .u8ddcc4dae15e357f111e36f39339a91d:after { content: ""; display: block; clear: both; } READ: Serial Killer Observation EssayThe death of her child seems to transform her. At the very end of the novel shebreast feeds a dying man. To me this is symbolic of drinking from the milk ofhuman kindness. She gives of herself to save another human being. She too islearning about the fellowship of man. In conclusion, as the Joad familyseemingly disintegrates, they actually merge in to a larger, more universalfamily the family of man. English Essays

Tuesday, May 5, 2020

Arguments Regarding Appropriate Technique †Myassignmenthelp.Com

Question: Discuss About The Arguments Regarding Appropriate Technique? Answer: Introduction: Transition materials like titanium are advanced metal having unique mechanical properties. However, there is lot of arguments regarding the appropriate technique that can be applied to manufacture the metal due to the high melting point and high strength of the materials. Although many alternative technique are available for the fabrication of intermetallic structure of titanium, however their use is often limited by high cost and lack of its application at the industry level (Leuders et al. 2013). As fabrication of metal is also being done by the use of selective laser melting, this literature review aims to find the role of selective laser melting technique on the microstructure and properties of the metal. This technique has been mainly chosen for evaluation because it is several advantages of the technique such as lesser steps in production and high efficiency of the material used. The outcome of the review can give clear idea about the strength and limitation of the technique an d the scope of its application in the manufacturing of titanium materials. Literature review: Microstructure and properties of Ti-SiC mixture fabricated by selective laser melting Transition metals like silicides and carbides have advanced properties such as low density, stiffness and environmental resistance. However, one challenge in manufacturing intermetallics is their high melting point (Tsai and Yeh 2014). Many well-developed methods are available for the fabrication of metallic parts and the research by (Krakhmalev and Yadroitsev 2014) proposed manufacturing titanium substrate by means of selective laser melting. The researcher tried fabricating the titanium substrate with titanium and silicon carbides by selective melting of the Ti-SiC powder mixture. This was done by Ytterbiums fibre laser and the structure and mechanical properties of metal was examined. The main purpose of adapting the selective laser technique was to find the correlation between microstructure and composition of the precursor powder. Mechanical properties were assessed by the parameters of hardness, indentation fracture toughness and abrasive wear resistance. The researchers also g ave a promising approach to achieve structural homogeneity of the material. The examination of the top surface and longitudinal structure of metals by scanning electron microscopy (SEM) showed crack networks on the surface and dark stripes were also found in areas enriched with Si and C. Gradient zone was also formed in all coating due to partial melting of the substrate. Hence, the overall conclusion from the study results was that composite structure was successfully formed by selective melting however the irregularities that was observed includes agglomerates of SiC at interlayer and unequal distribution of elements in the track. The study adequately presented the reasons for this anomaly. The agglomeration occurred due to change in phase whereas the heterogeneous distribution was seen due to the penetration of laser radiation on powder base. In the area mechanical properties, hardness of the metal was influenced by coatings containing high amount of SiC (Krakhmalev and Yadroitsev, 2014). The strength of the study is that the research provided innovative technique to produce metals with high melting points. Secondly, the researcher also provided appropriate approaches to improve any anomaly in the process and enhance the homogeneity of the coating. Microstructural evolution of titanium during selective laser melting Another research study highlights the advantage of selective laser melting (SLM) on the development of the microstructure of Ti-6Al-4V. Selective laser melting has emerged as an effective additive manufacturing technique as it facilitates development of complex parts by means of selectively melting successive layers of powder (Read et al. 2015). Thijs et al. (2010) focused on the development of the microstructure of Ti-6Al-4V and determining the impact of scanning strategy on the microstructure of metals. The main advantage of the SLM process in this research is that the technique promotes development of complex geometrical features, which is not possible through conventional methods. Compared to the research by Krakhmalev and Yadroitsev, (2014) which showed the limitation of SLM due to building up of thermal stress and metal segregation, Thijs et al. (2010) study moved further to deal with the problem by analyzing the impact of different process parameters on the SLM process. The finding of research showed that top view of the structure revealed the scanning strategy. Based on the movement of the laser beam, different patterns and orientation were seen. Secondly, energy density also had an impact on the results and the variation in the scanning velocity resulted in different band patterns. The research also gave proper explanation of the impact of scanning strategy on the microstructure. The main strength of this journal article is that the researcher adequately explained the reason for martenistic structure of Ti-6Al-4V. High correlation was also found between the orientation of the grains and scanning velocity and scanning strategy. The scanning strategy can ac t as a promising tool in managing the grain orientation in metals maintaining the microstructural orientation. The study is also consistent with the study by Leuders et al., (2013) which showed development of fatigue resistance and crack growth performance following the development of TiAl6V4 by SLM technique. Impact of the heat treatment of Ti6AlV4 on the microstructure and mechanical properties There is an argument that optimization of mechanical treatment via heat treatment gives contrasting results when the metal is produced by selective laser melting (SLM) compared to conventional method. With this insight, Vrancken et al. 2012) investigated about the effect of heat treatment on microstructure and mechanical properties of Ti6Al4V. The focus was also on evaluating the effect of time, temperature and cooling rate on the microstructure of titanium. The researcher used Ti6Al4V powder as a base material for the SLM process and the examination of the microstructure after heat treatment revealed columnar grains in the building direction. Secondly, the impact of temperature on the microstructure was that the martensitic structure changed into the combination of and . The columnar grain was visible at the sides of the metal. In addition, the residence time at high temperature was found to affect grain growth. However, one significant outcome was that heating rate was not regarde d to have major effect during the heat treatment. The performance of the microstructure on the basis of different cooling rates revealed low cooling rates promoted growth of grains. Different types of heat treatment was also found to change the mechanical properties of the metal. The results of the research also pointed out to limitation of heat treatment on reducing the yield stress. Therefore, desired results were not obtained from heat treatment. However, the study was useful in pointing out the improvement in fracture strain of the material after heat temperature. The effect of heat temperature on yield stress was also presented graphically which gave better clarity to the research. The key implication of this research study is that since heat treatment has not given expected results, there is a need for further research to determine other combined treatment that would optimize the tensile properties of titanium. Microstructure and mechanical behavior of Ti-6Al-4 V by rapid layer manufacturing The research by Murr et al., (2009) is significant as it focused on manufacturing Ti-6Al-4 V for biomedical application. As there is rise in knee joint replacement surgery, there is a need to improve the quality of bone plates and joint replacement. This is because most of the components do work well for patients who have abnormal autonomy. Another challenge in the fabrication of the implant components is that sometimes manufacturing complex shapes becomes difficult (Zalnezhad et al. 2014). Murr et al., (2009) compared the microstructure and mechanical behavior of simple geometric products by selective laser melting and electronic beam melting compared to wrought and cast products. The review gave the idea about thermo-mechanical processing, microstructure and mechanical property of wrought and cast Ti-6Al-4V and compared it with electron beam melting and selective laser melting. For biomedical application, the main intention is to produce cast parts with crack propagation and creep resistance properties. Secondly, porosity is eliminated by means of heat treatment. Wrought products particularly have the advantage of tailoring it to desired mechanical properties. In addition, the comparison parts revealed that powder metallurgy is beneficial for manufacturing medical devices. The advantage of layer manufacturing was supported by the ability of SLM to fabricate complex scaffold products. Despite this information, there is need for future research in the area of process parameters needed to produce specific microstructures. The study also pointed out that cost difference can be maintained by recycling waste powder. Mechanical properties in Titanium metallic composite after SLM: As the SLM process provides flexible approach to manufacturing metals, there is great scope of exploring their role in creation of alloys and metal-metal composites. Vrancken (2014) took Ti-6Al-4V with 10% MO powder to examine its unique microstructure following its creation by the SLM technique. Past studies have also focused on combining different powders to create desired products and hardness. In case of the combination of the Ti-6Al-4V with MO powder, columnar grains were found after the SLM. However, no such grains was found if 10% MO was added to it. The MO particle was distributed homogenously in the matrix. The mechanical properties were in also explained in Ti-6Al-4V+10 MO through the stress/curve. The study is considered important because MO phase was found to be successful in disrupting transformation from phase to martensite which occurred in Ti-6Al-4V alone. Therefore, the choice of combining Mo was found useful in this research due to its property to stabilize the p hase and high melting temperature. This further promoted the retention of the melted Mo particle in the titanium matrix. The content of the alloy can be modified too to achieve the desired microstructure and physical properties. The key strength of this literature is that the capability of SLM in processing powder mixtures was demonstrated. The study proved the potential of SLM on adding alloy elements and reducing stress issues. The above research focused on the performance of Ti-Mo alloy and the Chlebus et al. (2011) conducted a research to examine the mechanical properties and microstructure of Ti-AL-Nb alloy. The rational for studying the Ti-AL-Nb alloy is that it is often used as implant materials and has been found to have beneficial mechanical properties such as biotolerance and corrosion resistance. Three versions of the alloy were produced and its mechanical characteristics were tested by the parameters of tensile strength, compression testing and hardness. The characterization was done through optical and scanning electron microscopy and the X-ray diffraction alloy. After the manufacturing of the alloy, the examination of its microstructure revealed the structure is dependent on quenching at phase and tempering at high temperature. The thermal history also determined the structural changes occurring in layered alloy. Different orientation in solidification observed and the columnar grains pattern w as determined by laser movement. On the parameter of hardness too, it was found that hardness property was proportional to the specimen area. In the area of tensile properties too, specimen building strategies determined the distribution of residual stress and tensile strength. The scanning strategy was found to influence above parameters, however no changes were seen in the compression strengths due to scanning strategies. On the examination of fracture surface of the alloy, many quasi cleavage fracture surfaces were detected. Distinction between the smooth and flat structure and the rough structure was adequately presented. On the whole, the alloy was found to be susceptible to fatigue cracks. The study proposed strategies to reduce the property of the material by means of thermal treatment process. Hence, more extensive research will be required on the role of thermal treatment in reducing porosity. Conclusion The literature review focused on evaluating the microstructure and mechanical properties of titanium by means of SLM. The review of studies revealed limitation in approach and how the limitation was address by means of adjusting different process parameters. The improvement in structure was also proposed by combination with other metals. Secondly, heat treatment was found to be an effective approach to improving the microstructure and increasing the resistance of the titanium material. As the titanium material is increasingly used in knee implants, there is a need to further study the effect of heat treatment on microstructure of the metal. Reference Chlebus, E., Ku?nicka, B., Kurzynowski, T. and Dyba?a, B., 2011. Microstructure and mechanical behaviour of Ti?6Al?7Nb alloy produced by selective laser melting.Materials Characterization,62(5), pp.488-495. Krakhmalev, P. and Yadroitsev, I., 2014. Microstructure and properties of intermetallic composite coatings fabricated by selective laser melting of TiSiC powder mixtures.Intermetallics,46, pp.147-155. Leuders, S., Thne, M., Riemer, A., Niendorf, T., Trster, T., Richard, H.A. and Maier, H.J., 2013. On the mechanical behaviour of titanium alloy TiAl6V4 manufactured by selective laser melting: Fatigue resistance and crack growth performance.International Journal of Fatigue,48, pp.300-307. Murr, L.E., Quinones, S.A., Gaytan, S.M., Lopez, M.I., Rodela, A., Martinez, E.Y., Hernandez, D.H., Martinez, E., Medina, F. and Wicker, R.B., 2009. Microstructure and mechanical behavior of Ti6Al4V produced by rapid-layer manufacturing, for biomedical applications.Journal of the mechanical behavior of biomedical materials,2(1), pp.20-32. Read, N., Wang, W., Essa, K. and Attallah, M.M., 2015. Selective laser melting of AlSi10Mg alloy: Process optimisation and mechanical properties development.Materials Design (1980-2015),65, pp.417-424. Thijs, L., Verhaeghe, F., Craeghs, T., Van Humbeeck, J. and Kruth, J.P., 2010. A study of the microstructural evolution during selective laser melting of Ti6Al4V.Acta Materialia,58(9), pp.3303-3312. Tsai, M.H. and Yeh, J.W., 2014. High-entropy alloys: a critical review.Materials Research Letters,2(3), pp.107-123. Vrancken, B., Thijs, L., Kruth, J.P. and Van Humbeeck, J., 2012. Heat treatment of Ti6Al4V produced by Selective Laser Melting: Microstructure and mechanical properties.Journal of Alloys and Compounds,541, pp.177-185. Vrancken, B., Thijs, L., Kruth, J.P. and Van Humbeeck, J., 2014. Microstructure and mechanical properties of a novel titanium metallic composite by selective laser melting.Acta Materialia,68, pp.150-158. Zalnezhad, E., Baradaran, S., Bushroa, A.R. and Sarhan, A.A., 2014. Mechanical property enhancement of Ti-6Al-4V by multilayer thin solid film Ti/TiO2 nanotubular array coating for biomedical application.Metallurgical and Materials Transactions A,45(2), pp.785-797.